Будапешт

HUNGARIAN PEOPLE

Венгры известны как очень приветливые, добрые люди, обладающие хорошим чувством юмора. Такие же положительные отзывы о венграх мы обычно получаем от наших пациентов, которые имели возможность пообщаться с местными жителями во время их встречи в аэропорту, в такси, либо на рынке. Несмотря на то, что Будапешт – это мировой город с населением более 2 млн. человек, люди, как правило, очень отзывчивы.

Венгры очень гордятся своей многовековой культурой, а когда иностранцы заинтересованы, рассказывают о ней с воодушевлением для того, чтобы у иностранных гостей сложилось общее представление о венгерском народе и его традициях. Если Вы потерялись на улице, и не знаете куда Вам нужно идти дальше, не стесняйтесь спросить дорогу у прохожих, они с радостью Вам помогут. К тому же, многие венгры говорят на иностранных языках, особенно широко распространен английский. Поэтому у Вас не должно возникнуть трудностей с коммуникацией, несмотря на то, что их родной язык – венгерский – покажется Вам самым необычным из всех существующих европейских языков.

Будапешт является столицей стоматологического туризма. Помимо этого, он привлекает туристов своей архитектурой, гастрономическими предложениями, культурными мероприятиями, wellness-комплексами. Если Вы любите путешествовать за границей и при этом проводить много времени в компании местных жителей, то Будапешт точно Вас не разочарует.

Parlament von Budapest

Венгро-британские связи

The economic relationship between the United Kingdom and Hungary have become stronger and more important in the past two decades.  The volume of import-export turnover has more than doubled since 1998.  There are more than 500 British companies operating in Hungary, and most of them are providing some kind of a service.  The United Kingdom is the 5th largest export destination for Hungary.  The top exported products are food, processed goods and machinery.  Exports from Hungary to the United Kingdom have grown by over 300 percent in recent years and imports from the UK has doubled.  Theresa May pointed out that it is of mutual interest for both countries to strengthen the British-Hungarian economic relationship, even after Brexit.  Currently, about 150,000 Hungarians earn their income either in the UK or through working for British companies.

BUDAPEST

These are just a few examples of the connection between Hungary and the United Kingdom.

Interesting fact.  Hungary has several famous inventors, whose inventions you might be familiar with.  You can see some Hungarian inventions in the following video:

FAMOUS THERMAL BATHS OF BUDAPEST

Budapest, the spa capital of the world is famous for its thermal baths.  The Hungarian capital is the largest spa resort in the world and has over 120 thermal springs, providing 30,000 cubic metres of water.  The water is rich in active minerals and can be enjoyed throughout the city, in 21 baths, 10 of which have water with medicinal, healing properties.  The baths are also important from an architectural and historical perspective.

BRIEF HISTORY OF THE THERMAL BATHS IN BUDAPEST

The Romans first colonised the area west of the River Danube (known as Pannonia in Roman times) and established their regional capital Aquincum (now part of Óbuda district, in northern Budapest) in AD106.  One of the reasons for this was to utilise and enjoy the thermal springs.  Roman ruins are still visible today of the grand baths that were built during this period.  There were more baths constructed during the Turkish occupancy (1541–1686) throughout Hungary.  These served both bathing and medical purposes, and some of them are still in use today.

In the 1920’s, following the realisation that baths can draw in visitors and can be used for economic purposes, Budapest started to gain a reputation as a city of spas.  In 1934 Budapest officially became a “City of Spas”.  Nowadays the baths are mostly frequented by visitors and the older generation.  With the exception of the “Magic Bath” and “Cinetrip” water discos, young people tend to prefer the lidos which are open in the summer.

THE IMPORTANCE OF THERMAL BATHS

The thermal baths in Budapest have gained importance over the centuries in two ways:

Firstly, even today they are still important social meeting points for locals, a custom that was kept from the bath culture during the Turkish occupation. Going to the spa with families and friends is equivalent of meeting in a cafe or in a bar, in other European countries.  Even though Budapest also has an advanced coffee house culture, people often prefer to meet in their favourite spa.

Secondly, the thermal baths of Budapest became some of the most popular spa resorts for European people from the 19th century onwards.  The combination of a buzzing, metropolitan lifestyle and a relaxing spa resort couldn’t be offered by any other European city.  During this period the spa buildings evolved from providing simple functionality to representative buildings that provide comfort and relaxation, in a historical setting.  The largest and most important thermal baths in Budapest are the following:

Rudas Bath

Rudas Bath is a thermal and medicinal bath in Budapest, Hungary.  It was first built in 1550, during the time of Ottoman rule.  To date, it retains many of the key elements of a Turkish bath, exemplified by its Turkish dome and octagonal pool. It is located at Döbrentei tér 9 on the Buda side of Erzsébet Bridge. The bath has six therapy pools and one swimming pool where the temperature is in between 10-42C.  The components of slightly radioactive thermal water include sulphate, calcium, magnesium, bicarbonate and a significant amount of fluoride ion.  Medical indications of the water are degenerative joint illnesses, chronic and sub-acute joint inflammations, vertebral disk problems, neuralgia and lack of calcium in the bone system.

The baths were used by Sokollu Mustafa Pasha, Beylerbeyi (governor) of Buda Vilayet of the Ottomans between 1566-1578.  This is inscribed in Hungarian in the baths, on a stone standing atop the Juve spring, which is believed by locals to have a rejuvenating effect on people.

The baths were used as a location for the opening scene of the 1988 action movie Red Heat, starring Arnold Schwarzenegger and James Belushi.

It re-opened at the beginning of 2006, after a comprehensive renovation to its interior.

The baths are open to women only on Tuesdays, to men the rest of the week, and both men and women on the weekend.  The attached swimming pool is always open to both men and women.

Király Baths

Construction of the Király Baths started in 1565, and most of the present-day building dates from the Turkish period, including most notably, the fine cupola-topped pool.  The Kiraly Baths are centrally placed – in the narrow strip of land between Gellért Hill and the River Danube – and also an outstanding example of architecture dating from the Turkish period.  The central feature is an octagonal pool over which light shines from a 10 metres (33 ft) diameter dome, supported by eight pillars.  The thermal water contains sodium, calcium, magnesium bicarbonate, sulphate-chloride and a significant amount of fluoride ion.

Das Szechenyi Bad in Budapest

Gellért Baths

The Gellért Baths and Hotel were built in 1918, although there had once been Turkish baths on the site, and in the Middle Ages a hospital.  In 1927, the Baths were extended to include the wave pool, and the effervescent bath was added in 1934.  The well-preserved Art Nouveau interior includes colourful mosaics, marble columns, stained glass windows and statues.  The Lukács Baths are also in Buda and are also Turkish in origin, although they were only revived at the end of the 19th century. This was also when the spa and treatment centre was founded. There is still something of an atmosphere of fin-de-siècle about the place, and all around the inner courtyard, there are marble tablets recalling the thanks of patrons who were cured there.  Since the 1950s it has been regarded as a centre for intellectuals and artists.

Széchenyi Thermal Bath

The Széchenyi Baths are one of the largest bathing complexes in all of Europe, and the only “old” medicinal baths to be found in the Pest side of the city.  The indoor medicinal baths date from 1913 and the outdoor pools from 1927.  There is an atmosphere of grandeur about the whole place with the bright, largest pools resembling aspects associated with Roman baths, the smaller bathtubs reminding one of the bathing cultures of the Greeks, and the saunas and diving pools borrowed from traditions emanating in northern Europe.  The three outdoor pools (one of which is a fun pool) are open all year, including winter. Indoors there are over ten separate pools, and a host of medical treatments is also available.  The Szécheny Baths are built in modern Renaissance style.

Lukács Thermal Bath

The Lukács-Baths is a thermal- and swimming bath complex. It was built in 1842 by the famous architect József Hild in neo-classical style in 1842. It lies a bit away from the usual touristic tracks.  It was the biggest and most popular bath in Budapest before Széchényi-Baths were built.

In 1979 the first division of physiotherapy was established.  In altogether eight spas (22°–40 °C) all types of treatments related to movement, mud under-water-traction and carbon-hydrate are offered as well as electric therapy and specialist care in rheumatology.  The building itself is not in the best condition but the outdoor spas are really worth seeing.

Veli Bej Baths / Emperor Baths

The Veli Bej Baths were initially built in 1571/1572 by Sokoli Mustafa, as emperor baths (today „Veli Bej“ Baths).  Its sources were already known to the Romans who also used them.  In 1829 József Hild, who was the chief architect of the Lukács-Baths extended and also changed it.  After several years of renovation, the Veli Bej was re-opened in 2012.

Komjádi Sport Swimming Pool

Right next to Veli Bej is the Komjádi swimming pool, built in 1976.  Its outdoor spas are also sourced by thermal water springs.

Die große Markthalle

THE GREAT MARKET HALL

The Great or Central Market Hall is the largest and oldest indoor market in Budapest. The building was designed and built by Samu Pecz in a neo-gothic style, around 1897.  The idea of building such large market hall arose from the first mayor of Budapest, Károly Kamermayer, and it was his largest investment.  He retired in 1896 so when the building was completed, he participated in the opening ceremony as a citizen.

It is located at the end of the famous pedestrian shopping street Váci utca and on the Pest side of the Liberty bridge at Fővám square.

The market offers a huge variety of stalls on three floors.  A distinctive architectural feature is its roof, which was restored to have colourful Zsolnay tiling from Pécs.  The floor space of the building is 10,000 square meters, which is covered by a steel structure. During the first and second World War, it was completely damaged and then closed for some years.  Throughout the 1990s restoration works brought back the market to its ancient splendour.  The building was awarded FIABCI Prix d’excellence in 1999.  The Central Market Hall is one of the most popular tourist attractions of the city.

Most of the stalls on the ground floor offer fruit and vegetables, meat products, pastries, sweets, spices, wine, spirits and caviar. The second floor has mainly eateries and souvenir shops.  The basement contains butcher shops, the fish market, and a large variety of pickles.  Apart from the traditional pickled cucumber, they also offer pickled cauliflower, cabbage, beetroot, green tomatoes, and garlic.

The market is closed on Sunday, and open from 6 a.m. – 5 p.m. on Monday, 6 a.m. – 6 p.m. Tuesday – Friday, and 6 a.m. – 3 p.m. on Saturday.

Достопримечательности Будапешта, которые обязательно нужно посетить

  1. Парламент
  2. Площадь Героев
  3. Центральный рынок
  4. Церковь Святого Матьяша
  5. Оперный театр
  6. Купальня Сечени

Источник: Wikipedia

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